BIM Evolution

In the long history of humankind, those who learned to collaborate and improvise most effectively have prevailed.
– Charles Darwin

BIM, the life-cycle management of the built environment supported by digital technology, requires a fundamental change in how the construction (Architects, Contractors, Engineers) and facility management (Owners, Service Providers, Building Product Manufactures, Oversight Groups, Building Users) sectors operate on a day-to-day basis.  

BIM, combined and  Cloud Computing are game changers.  They are disruptive technologies with integral business processes/practices that demand collaboration, transparency, and accurate/current information displayed via common terminology.

The traditional ad-hoc and adversarial business practices commonly associated with Construction and Facility Management are changing as we speak.    Design-bid-build and even Design-Build will rapidly go by the wayside in favor of the far more efficient processes of Integrated Project Delivery – IPD, and Job Order Contracting – JOC, and similar collaborative programs.  (JOC is a form of integrated project delivery specifically targeting facility renovation, repair, sustainability, and minor new construction).

There is no escaping the change.   Standardized data architectures (Ominclass, COBie, Uniformat, Masterformat) and cost databases (i.e. RSMeans), accesses an localized via cloud computing are even now beginning to be available.   While historically, the construction and facility management sectors have lagged their counterparts (automotive, aerospace, medical, …)  relative to technology and LEAN business practices, environmental and economic market drivers and government mandates are closing the gap.

The construction and life-cycle management of the built environment requires the integration off several knowledge domains, business “best-practices”, and technologies as portrayed below.   The efficient use of this BIG DATA is enabled by the BIM, Cloud Computing, and Integrated Project Delivery methods.


The greatest challenges to these positive changes are  the CULTURE of the Construction and the Facility Management Sectors.  Also, an embedded first-cost vs. life-cycle or total cost of ownership perspective.  An the unfortunate marketing spotlight upon the technology of 3D visualization vs. BIM.   Emphasis MUST be place upon the methods of how we work on a daily basis…locally and globally  − strategic planning, capitial reinvestment planning, designing collaborating, procuring, constructing, managing and operating.  All of these business processes have different impacts upon the “facility” infrastructure and  construction supply chain, building Owners, Stakeholders, etc., yet communication terms, definitions, must be transparent and consistently applied in order to gain  greater efficiencies.

Some facility life-cycle management are already in place for the federal government facility portfolio and its only a matter of time before these are expanded and extended into all other sectors.

BIM, not 3D visualization, but true BIM or Big BIM,  and Cloud Computing will connect information from every discipline together.  It will not necessarily be a single combined model.  In fact the latter has significant drawbacks.    Each knowledge domain has independent areas of expertise and requisite process that would be diluted and marginalized if managed within one model.   That said, appropriate “roll-up” information will be available to a higher level model.   (The issue of capability and productivity marginalization can be proven by looking a ERP and IWMS systems.  Integration of best-in-class technology and business practices is always support to systems that attempt to do everything, yet do not single thing well.)

Fundamental Changes to Project Delivery for Repair, Renovation, Sustainability, and New Construction Projects MUST include:

  • Qualifications Based or Best Value Selection
  • Some form of pricing transparency and standardization
  • Early and ongoing information-sharing among project stakeholders
  • Appropriate distribution of risk
  • Some form of financial incentive to drive performance / performance-based relationships

BIM and The Role of a Construction Cost Estimator

Professional construction cost estimators are critical to any collaborative, transparent, and productive  BIM solution.   BIM, facilities life-cycle management supported by digital technology will create a high demand cost estimators with a thorough understanding of building systems and associated repair, renovation, sustainability and construction techniques, materials, equipment, and labor.   Experienced cost estimators who appropriately leverage technology and embrace collaboration will excel.  Navigating the current AEC sector-wide paradigm shift from antagonistic ad-hoc processes such as design-bid-build, excessive change-orders, and even modest attempts at improvement such as design-build, to collaborative, efficient project delivery methods such as integrated project delivery – IPD, and job order contracting – JOC will be a challenge for some, but a willing change for most.

A team approach, support by technologies such as domain-specific cloud-computing solutions (cost estimating, capital planning, maintenance/repair, …)  integrated with 3D visualization tools..aka Revit will become commonplace.  Owners, AEs, Contractors, Sub-Contractors, Oversight Groups, Business Product Manufacturers- BPMs, and the Community will all gain higher visibility into life-cycle needs and impacts of the built environment.

All who collaborate openly to exceed client’s expectations, and produce efficient, quality construction, renovation, repair, and sustainability on-time, and on-budget will thrive, while non-participants will fall by the wayside.

The AECOO’s (architecture, engineering, construction, owner, operations) legacy of fragmented, unproductive approaches,  ad hoc practices, and associated lack of trust will crumble, to be replaced by OPEN, transparent, and collaborative PROCESSES supported by robust technology.


BIM – Energy Efficiency Tied to Real Estate / Real Property Sales – The Importance of High Performance Buildings vs. ROI

Due diligence relative to the energy efficiency of commercial is not only important relative to building resale and ROI, but is becoming mandated in several states, counties, and cities.   For example, use of the new ASTM (American Society for Testing and Materials) Standard E-2797-11, Standard Practice for Building Energy Performance Assessment for a Building Involved in a Real Estate Transaction, is required in several states and cities and under consideration in a growing number of others. Federal legislation is sure to follow.

Energy-efficient buildings cost less to operate, have higher net operating income (NOI), better asset value, and are more attractive to tenants.   Property owners and lessors can leverage higher performing buildings to attract and retain tenants that recognize that these buildings  have lower utility and operating costs.  In many cases leanders are provided a Pro Forma with a specific aline item for utilities/energy costs as a component of building operating costs.  Savvy buyers will also consider energy usage when comparing similar properties.

The Role of BIM, JOC, and IPD in Sustainability

Creating a baseline energy audit isalso  a “best practice” relative to enabling better short and longer term planning for facility renovation, repair, and maintenance projects.

It is likely that more and more facility condition assessments (FCAs) will include energy audits are a required, standardized component.

 In summary, standards and best practices relative to energy and condition audits are an important component of BIM ( Building Information Modeling ).  Robust practices for collection, assembly, evaluation, and reporting required information are key to BIM as are efficient renovation and repair contstruction methods such as JOC – Job Order Contracting, and IPD – Integrated Project Delivery.

Consistency and transparency in data collection, project evaluation, costing, and project managemetn are requirements in order to efficiently deliver quality  improvement project on time and on budget. 

via Premier Provider of Software for Cost Estimating and Efficient Project Management for JOC, IPD, SABER, IDIQ, SATOC, MATOC, MACC, POCA, BOA ….

GHG Footprint Calculator for FEDERAL AGENCIES – Greenhouse Gas Calculator for Facilities

via, leading provider of cost estimating and project management solutions for JOC / SABER / IDIQ / IPD / SATOC / MATOC / MACC / POC / BOA and exclusive 400,000 line item RSMeans cost database.

GSA’s GHG Calculat0r assist  in compiling  GHG emissions inventory using a bottom-up calculation on facility level data with the capability of rolling up to annual agency aggregate level data. This allows an Owner  to create detailed baseline GHG data to enable the development of reduction targets in the future.

For federal owners and the  permission from a federal agency’s Senior Sustainability Officer (SSO), GSA will pre-populate the tool with agency-specific data available from GSA business programs. This data includes building energy usage data from GSA’s Public Building Service, fuel usage data from GSA’s Fleet Program and air business travel data for those agencies using the GSA Travel Management Information Service.

The tool provides at-a-glance visualization of key metrics using 3D charts and sliders where agencies can analyze and forecast emissions by adjusting for specific scenarios, such as video teleconferencing participation, mass transit participation, off-peak travel, telecommuting participation, energy star monitor replacement, alternate work schedule and server virtualization.

Carbon Profile Map

The map displays an agency’s locations depicting net carbon emissions across sites using a geographic information system (GIS).

Return on Investment (ROI) Calculator

The tool provides calculations for ROI, annual savings, carbon reduction, and years to payback for green investments.


If you are interested in registering your agency to use the GSA Carbon Footprint Tool, please send an email to with documentation of approval from your Senior Sustainability Officer (SSO). If you are a contractor supporting an agency as part of its GHG Public Protocol activities, an academic and/or state/local government representative and would like to preview the tool, please send a request to


Facility Management, Stewardship Best Practices, and BIM

Robust processes, accurate information, and effective decision support drive facility management, stewardship, and are at the center of BIM. Whether your an owner, contractor, AE, oversight group, or a member of the associated community at large, you will be impacted by the viability of processes associated with building planning, design, construction, repair, renovation, adaptation, operations, use, and deconstruction.

BIM, or Building Information Modeling, is a method to create, organize, and reuse a centralized repository of building/facility information.  Whether you are in, or serve, Education (Higher Ed or K-12), Healthcare, Government (DOD, non-DOD, Country, State, or Local), Industrial, Transportation, Utilities, or Corporate – Private or Public; enhanced, more efficient outcomes will result from the robust application of the above components.

via – Premier Cost Estimating and Project Management Software Solution for Efficient Construction Delivery Methods

Job Order Contracting – JOC : The Stimulus – Sustainability Ready Construction Delivery Method – Sponsored by RSMeans & 4Clicks

Below is a copy of the presentation ” Job Order Contracting:  The Stimulus – Ready Delivery Method.


Mark E. Baily, President & CEO, Centennial Contractors Enterprises

Allen Henderson, Consultant & Author

John R. Murray, Director, State of Missouri, Division of Facilities Management


Speakers outline the JOB ORDER CONTRACTING construction delivery method and its benefits vs. Design-Bid-Build, Design-Build.

JOC is most similar to IPD (Integrated Project Delivery) and provides an efficient construction delivery method for facility repair, renovation, and sustainability.

Owners, contractors, and AE’s can enhance communication, collaboration, productivity, and quality with JOC.



RS Means JOC Educational Seminar

Facility owners know that changes in occupancy, project requests and building lifecycle and infrastructure needs sometimes arrive quite suddenly with tight completion timelines—-spurring the need for quick and professional construction services to accommodate end user requirements.

Potential solution:  Already have a JOC program in place!

Job Order Contracting (JOC) is a construction project delivery method used by facility owners to access quick and professional contractor performance without compromising pricing predictability. It works
especially well for facility owners who might have high volume and/or backlog of smaller projects (mostly under $1M each), such as those found in educational, medical, municipal and federal facilities.

JOC involves indefinite delivery/indefinite quantity (IDIQ) services—-which is basically an on-going construction services contract for projects yet to be determined by the owner. The method allows for mutually beneficial long-term relationships between facility owners and JOC contractors for construction services.

Therefore, a unique partnering approach to JOC contract management should be considered. This presentation will address what partnering actions owners can take to promote the successful use of JOC at their facilities.

In addition, this presentation will provide an overview of typical JOC contractor- submitted project proposal content as well as basic tips for the owner regarding JOC proposal review.

Mark E. Bailey
President and CEO, Centennial Contractors Enterprises, Inc.
Mark Bailey provides vision and direction to employees in over 40 offices across the country, focusing on Job Order Contracting and IDIQ contracts. Mark gained a wealth of field and office experience with a diverse 24 years of construction industry experience, ranging from superintendent and estimator to heavy civil contractor and project manager. He has authored an article about Job Order Contracting for ENR and is a member of the National and Virginia Chapter of Associated Builders and Contractors, Society of American Military Engineers, Design-Build Institute of America and Center for Job Order Contracting Excellence.
Allen L. Henderson
Consultant, Author, Former Facility Manager, Texas State University
Allen Henderson has 35 years of construction industry experience, including over 25 years at Texas State University-San Marcos. A long-time proponent of the JOC method of construction project delivery, Allen is author of Job Order Contracting—Expediting Construction Project Delivery, published by RSMeans, and has given numerous presentations on the subject. He is currently a board member for the Center for Job Order Contracting Excellence.
John R. Murray
Director, State of Missouri Division of Facilities Management
John Murray is the Missouri State Director of Contract Services for the Division of Facilities Management, Design and Construction. John additionally serves as Vice Chairman of the Planning & Zoning Committee for the Village of Wardsville, Mo and as AIA-CEC-MO Liaison Committee member.
Robert F. Gair
Principal, RSMeans Business Solutions
Robert F. Gair has over 20 years of construction industry experience in cost modeling and job order contracting and is currently responsible for the fastest growing sector of RSMeans businesses. A business analyst with extensive computer technology experience, Bob provides property management solutions to federal agencies such as the Department of Energy, Department of Labor, and State Department. He was also the 2009 Industry Chair for the Center for Job Order Contracting Excellence.

JOC – BIM – Facility Management – Capital Planning

4d-5d BIM will support facility management and associated construction projects, however, more efficient construction project delivery methods MUST be linked to your BIM strategy.

Integrated with 4D,5d BIM or stand alone, Job Order Contracting – JOC / SABER – sets the performance “bar” for facility renovation, repair, and sustainability construction project control and transparency.

Whether your in higher education, k-12, state/local government, DOD, or healthcare, the need to increase construction project efficiency has never been greater.    JOC reduces costs and increases quality by fostering collaboration, rewarding performance, and cutting through the archaic, ad-hoc processes associated with traditional DBB (design build build) and provides additional benefits vs. design build.

From concept, through close-out, proven software (see if interested) is available to embed and assure the JOC process and it is populated with an exclusive 400,000 line item extension of the RSMeans cost database.

Features and benefits included in the JOC software technology deliver robust performance and “real-time” visibility for managing construction projects, programs, and contracts including JOC, SABER, IDIQ, SATOC, MATOC, MACC, POCA, and BOA.  Also…. collaboration, cost control, automated technical evaluation, document management and full reporting capabilities.

see more at:

Green – Sustainability – ARRA – Solution – JOB ORDER CONTRACTING

JOC / SABER – The Solution for ” GREEN ” , ” Sustainability “, and LEED EB

Sustainability and Green refer to the designing and maintaining the built environment to in concert with economic and ecological needs.

Federal agencies are required to achieve 30% energy and water reductions by 2015 and zero use of fossil fuel by 2030 with schools and municipalities facing similar requirements.

JOC ( Job Order Contracting ) and SABER ( Air Force equivalent of JOC ) are optimal methods for efficiently planning, bidding, and executing sustainability projects with the funding available from billions of dollars via the American Recovery & Reinvestment Act ( ARRA ).

Many “green” projects, however, suffer from poor planning and costly paperwork/contract documentation and project management issues largely associated with outdated contracting methods.

JOC – Job Order Contracting –  offers a remedy for EB (existing buildings) / LEED EB “ green “ renovation projects.

JOC – Job Order Contracting – allows the owner and contractor to work together from the beginning; scoping the project, and developing the plans thru specifications and requirements to completion of the sustainability / green renovation, repair or minor construction project(s), on time and within the approved budget.

If owners decide to go the LEED® certification route, they can review current conditions with contractors and discuss construction concerns and associated remedies to reach established targets – up-front – with a firm fixed price for each delivery order, prior to issuing a notice to proceed.

visit for more information on JOC / SABER / SATOC / MATOC / IDIQ / BOA / POCA ….

JOC - Job Order Contracting Process - 4Clicks The Green/Sustainability ARRA Solution

MasterFormat / MasterFormat2004 Changes

MasterFormat® Updates:
Did you know CSI and CSC have a new annual revision cycle?
Did you know there is a new Division?
The major updates to MasterFormat2004 are:

  • A new division, Division 46 – Water and Wastewater Equipment, which significantly expands the document’s coverage of environmental engineering specifications
  • Revisions to Division 44 – Pollution and Waste Control Equipment, so that it complements the addition of the new Division 46
  • New specifications related to polished concrete (Division 03)

CSI and CSC designed the 50-division format of MasterFormat 2004 so that it can accommodate additional divisions and changes as the industry evolves. The 50-division format is now used in a majority of commercial projects in North America.
The MasterFormat revision process is conducted by the MasterFormat Maintenance Task Team (MFMTT), a committee of volunteers appointed by CSI, CSC and MasterFormat Sponsors (ARCAT, ARCOM, Building Systems Design, Inc., the Construction Sciences Research Foundation, Inc., McGraw-Hill Construction, and Reed Construction Data).