BIM IP

Reposted from Practical BIM17 Nov 2014 06:30 PM PST

IP – it is not all yours, get used to it

 

When discussing BIM with those yet to take it up the topic of Intellectual Property invariably comes up. It is so important to them it comes across as a major reason they are not using BIM (although I suspect it is more of an excuse).

For some reason BIM authors (architects, engineers, etc) think that because they create the initial BIM information they have the right to full control and to charge for the BIM model throughout the life of the building.

Then on the other hand we have contractors and owners who believe, because they are paying the authors, that they have absolute rights over all BIM created to do as they please with it.

IP and BIM PROCESS

One of the tenets of BIM is that all information is contained in one place; the BIM model (which may be an amalgam of several BIM models). And that all parties have access to this information so everyone is working on the same, up to date, information.

One of the effects of this is that there can be no duplicates of the same information.
The architect schedules doors, the hardware supplier adds to that schedule, they don’t create their own. The architect doesn’t model ductwork, they use the mechanical engineer’s model.

So for BIM to work at all project participants must not only have unrestrained access to each other’s BIM, they are not allowed to create their own version of some-one else’s.
If any party tries to restrict access the whole process starts to collapse.

However access doesn’t necessarily mean unfettered control. This is still a place for IP rights.

IP CONCERNS

One of the problems discussing IP is that often people are talking about different things. They have different reasons for, or place more emphasis on, particular concerns.
But even then I don’t see much mileage in these concerns, certainly not enough to withhold information.

THEFT OF EFFORT

The old “why should I give away my work for free” argument. It has the appearance of taking the moral high ground but has a number of flaws.

Money is only one form of compensation. Barter is another. In the BIM context if everyone shares everyone benefits. For example allowing the quantity surveyor to directly measure from your BIM model means more timely estimates reducing the risk of you doing unpaid abortive work when the estimate blows the budget.

We work in a market economy, just because you place a dollar value on what you have produced doesn’t mean others will. There is little point with-holding something from others that has no actual value, or a lessor value, to them. All you do is damage your reputation, and possibly the chances of future work.

And lastly the reality of the industry. If information is withheld that is required contracts will be changed to ensure that information is made available. The danger here is contracts invariably overreach, they are more onerous than they need to be. We are already seeing this with contracts that take all IP rights away whether justified or not.

THEFT OF IDEAS

BIM doesn’t make any difference to IP rights over original ideas which are already covered by copyright law.
Does the possession of a BIM model make it easier for some-one to copy your design, to break the law? In a sense, because BIM contains more information that is structured more efficiently than traditional product like CAD files, spreadsheets and drawings. But the theft itself is no easier. In fact it could be argued it would be more straightforward to identify a stolen BIM model due to the uniqueness of how data is arranged, as to compared to a drawing consisting just of lines and text.

There is also a belief among some that every idea they come up with is unique and universally cherished.
That parametric door that can represent nearly every possible type of door is just as valuable to the contractor who just wants to know what each door is. The clever equipment schedule that you believe gives you a competitive advantage so will be copied by everyone who sees it because it is so brilliant.
Your innovative work practices are important to you but are rarely suited to anyone else.
Experienced BIM authors know that components sourced from elsewhere are never exactly what is needed to fit their own work practices. Many a time I have spent more effort trying to rework some-one else’s component than it would have taken to recreate it from scratch.

LOSS OF CONTROL

Some have concerns that if they provide their work in an editable format (whether BIM or CAD) some-one will make changes to their work without their knowledge and/or permission.
To make changes to work attributed to some-one else is fraud and clearly illegal. To withhold your work is overkill and the equivalent of never getting out of bed to avoid anything bad happening.

Some believe if  they maintain control they are in the best position to ensure their intellectual effort, their design, will be carried through in a way that they will be happy with. That if they are not in full control others will make poor decisions compromising their brilliant ideas.
This argument is hard to convince owners and contractors as they expect the documents you provide as part of your service to contain enough information for your design to be fully realised. If you argue otherwise they just see it as evidence your documents, and your design, is deficient and you intend to ‘fix it up’ later at their expense.

There is also a belief that with a copy of an original work contractors or owners are free to get others to take over the job. Again most jurisdictions have laws that already cover this, and in any case possession of your IP is unlikely to be the deciding factor in your client making this decision.
It ignores the fact that BIM output is the result of expert knowledge and professional responsibility. It is not like a set of Ikea instructions anyone can use. Only very cavalier professionals would take on the responsibility of some-one else’s work without spending a significant amount of time checking it.

BIM IP APPLIES TO

IP applies to many things but this post is about BIM. The ‘products’ of BIM that IP may impact include:

  • Whole BIM model (federated or integrated)
  • BIM Model contribution (as separate model or co-author)
  • BIM model components (e.g. equipment, doors, etc)
  • Editable drawings from the BIM model (e.g. CAD files).
  • Editable schedules from the BIM model (e.g. Excel files).

Note that the last two items existed before BIM. Generally BIM has not created new IP issues, just extended existing ones.

 

RIGHTS

There is often a misconception that obtaining IP protection means complete ownership, giving full control to the ‘owner’. This is not correct, IP is a safeguard, not a title to ownership.
IP applying to a ‘product’ is managed by assigning ‘Rights’ to it, who has the right to do what with it. Often IP discussions are really about Rights, not the application of IP per se.

Rights are something authors should be concerned about. It is where the risks and rewards lie.
What are the types of Rights people are concerned about when it comes to BIM?

The right to:

be identified as author.

Sometimes called ‘Moral Rights’. This is covered by IP law in many countries and does not change with BIM.

decide what uses are permitted.

An author should be able to stipulate what their model is suitable for, or more realistically stipulate what it has been created for and let others make the call if it is suitable or not (authors don’t necessarily know what other professionals require so how could they be definitive about what their BIM is suitable for?).
But this shouldn’t extend to complete denial of access for uses not permitted. Firstly, not all possible uses can be predicted, and secondly even a model unsuitable for a particular use may still be of some use as long as its limitations are known and acknowledged.

The best way to deal with this Right is for authors to stipulate what their BIM model has been created for (i.e. their particular uses), and an affirmation that it contains all information they, as authors, are engaged to produce.
For example an architect would say their model “contains sufficient information to describe the materials and location of those materials”. What they shouldn’t say is their model is “suitable for estimating uses” as it infers they have modelled every material in accurate quantities.

decide who can use it.

Some believe their ‘ownership’ of their BIM contribution gives them the right to withhold it from whomever they choose. Whilst an author may have a good reason to prevent certain parties from using their work their reasons may conflict with the needs of other project team members and the project as a whole. The outright power of veto doesn’t work in a BIM project.

However it is reasonable to insist you be notified if some-one else receives your work. There may be matters you need to inform other parties about the content and status of your work. An all too common occurrence is contractors providing design professional’s work to sub-contractors that is inappropriate, incomplete, or not reissued when superseded. I have personally experience a situation where the piling contractor was given our documents (architect’s) to put directly in their survey total station, when all our documents had were roughly placed piles for context. They should have been given the structural engineers drawings, but neither ourselves or the structural engineer knew they had been provided with our BIM model.

The usual way to deal with provision to inappropriate parties is to stipulate the work can only be provided to those directly involved in the particular project it was created for. The way to deal with inappropriate use is to define uses that are permitted.

demand payment for its use.

Traditionally only drawings and written material were provided to others, which they referred to but didn’t directly use to generate their work. But a BIM model can be integrated into other’s work, for example running an analysis or directly measuring quantities. Because of this some believe they should get a cut in the obvious windfall others are getting.
But there is no windfall. Everyone is relying on getting the information they require from everyone else, no-one has budgeted to pay extra.

That is not to say there are no situations where you can charge. Certainly if your work is to be used for a different project, or purpose not involving your particular project. But charging project participants is not normal practice. If you intend to do it within your project you need to make that clear at the very beginning of the project, when negotiating your engagement agreement. And good luck with that!

use it for other projects and purposes.

It is perfectly reasonable for authors to expect their work will not be used for projects and purposes they are not a party to. This is what standard IP covers, and is what is lost when all IP is signed away.
There is no reason for IP to be completely signed away for BIM to work, as long as all parties agree to provide their work to other members of the project team. It is when there is a belief that there will be resistance to this that owners and contractors try and take everyone’s IP via contract clauses.

The best way to fend off attempts to take complete control of your IP is to be accommodating. Show that you will make your work available to all those that will require it for the project.

BE CAREFUL WHAT YOU WISH FOR

But with Rights come responsibility.

  • If you claim authorship you are forever associated with the project.
  • If you dictate what your BIM model can be used for you accept responsibility that it is suitable for that use.
  • If you refuse to provide your BIM to some-one you will be expected to provide good reasons and prove it does not impinge on your obligations to the project.
  • If you insist on the Right to charge for use of your BIM model you take on the responsibility of your BIM model being suitable for the purpose you are charging for.
    In most legal jurisdictions the act of accepting money infers you have provided a useful product, no matter what any written agreement says. You can’t charge a Quantity Surveyor for using your model for measurement and not accept responsibility for it’s accuracy and completeness.

You might consider forgoing Rights you may be entitled to avoid responsibility.
For example forgo the right to dictate what your BIM can be used for and instead provide it on an ‘as is’ basis.

WHAT CAN YOU DO

Always keep in mind that BIM processes require information to be not only shared, but shared in particular formats. That means you have to provide your computer files to others, there is no way around this.
But that doesn’t mean you have to forgo all IP protection. The best approach is to assess whether the rights you want impede the flow of information within the project or not. If they don’t, insist on them, if they do, work out a way to achieve your aim another way or accept it is not going to happen.

Specific advice on IP in contracts and agreements is beyond my expertise so I leave that to others. Some resources:
Designing Buildings Wiki (UK)
National BIM standard – US
BIM / IPD [AUS]

Generally you should expect that each participant retain IP rights over their contribution, and that the rights of others only extend to their requirements for the particular project.

You may have limited control over agreements with others but what you can do is manipulate the data you provide to others. For example sheets and annotation (text and dimensions) are not required in the BIM model you provide when you are also providing drawings and written schedules.

Methods include:

Make recipients aware of limitations:

Have standard written “conditions of use” that can be included in agreements with others and included with all document issues.

Use non-editable file format:

Provide IFC, Navisworks, DWF, PDF etc instead of your authoring software.
(These formats, to varying degrees, allow access to BIM data.)

Remove temptation:

Strip BIM models of all but essential elements and data.

Identify your work:

Embed ownership data within BIM objects.

EXAMPLE REVIT SPECIFIC METHODS

There may be others, but I have used these in the past:

Embed “Conditions Of Use”:
Create a Starting View and put your Conditions Of Use on it.
(Revit always displays this view when opening the file so it is hard for someone to argue they didn’t see it).

Only export the model, excluding all annotation and sheets:
Create 3D view, hide what you don’t want to include, place this view on a sheet. In the Project Browser right click over the sheet and pick Save to New File. Open the new Revit file and add a Starting View with Conditions Of Use.

Delete specific views and sheets:
Create a schedule of views, manually delete views. Do the same with a Sheet List.
Or use an add-in to delete views, sheets, etc.

Make your work identifiable:
Add parameters to all your families that contain copyright information (place as a formula so it can’t be easily edited).
Prefix all your shared parameters with your organization’s acronym.

 

CONCLUSION

Get used to the fact that no-one is using BIM as a pretext for stealing your IP. Others don’t want to own your BIM, they just want to be able to use it.

They want the right to use the model to check if a hole can be drilled without hitting any pipes or wires. Everyone understands use of BIM doesn’t give them the right to construct an identical building somewhere else.

IP is an issue of concern, as it always has been, but not sufficient to block or hobble the use of BIM.
Let’s stop chasing windmills and get on with the real game, making IP in BIM fair to everyone.

The Success or Failure of BIM

It’s important to first recognize that it’s the business process, the construction delivery method, that sets the tone of any construction project and greatly determines its success or failure. Technology is simply an enabler.

Integrated project delivery (IPD) and it’s counterpart for renovation, repair, sustainability, and minor new construction projects, job order contracting (JOC)… alter how stakeholders interact. Until these and similar collaborative construction delivery methods are understood and leveraged, BIM will do nothing.

Critical Issues and BIM – NIBS buildingSMART alliance conference – January 7-11, 2013

The fundamental day-to-day business processes of the Engineering, Construction, Owner, and Operations sector are changing.   That said, major cultural change must occur in order to make significant progress.   The efficient life-cycle management of the built environment will not happen until change management is accelerated.   Efficient construction delivery methods (IPD – integrated project delivery, JOC – job order contracting), cloud computing, and BIM are all integral components.

Symposium Name:   The buildingSMART allianceTM Conference

Symposium Title:     Integrating BIM: Moving the Industry Forward

Day(s)/Date(s):          January 7-11, 2013

Monday and Tuesday: Board, Council and Committee Meetings

Tuesday and Wednesday: Conference Educational Sessions

Thursday: Information Exchanges

Friday: BIM Academic Education Symposium

Building information modeling (BIM) is beginning to fundamentally change the building industry in a very positive way. Its impact is already being felt in countries around the globe. In an industry known for construction delays and cost overruns, high quality BIM projects are being built on-time (or even early) and significantly under budget.

Now is the time to expand your knowledge of all things BIM and find ways to implement it in your work. The buildingSMART allianceTM Conference will help you understand how BIM can better integrate the design, construction, fabrication and operation processes, and provide you with the latest metrics available to assess industry progress.

With the theme, Integrating BIM: Moving the Industry Forward, the buildingSMART alliance Conference looks at the big picture of implementing BIM into daily practice. The week-long event includes committee meetings, such as the buildingSMART alliance Board of Direction, National BIM Standard-United States Planning and Project Committee meetings; two days of educational sessions; a full day of innovative technology demonstrations with the Information Exchange Working Group; and a BIM Academic Education Symposium focused on teaching the next generation.

The National BIM Standard-United States (NBIMS-US) Version 3 Planning and Project Committees will begin planning the new standard during these face-to-face meetings. The Planning Committee Meeting is members-only. However, the Project Committee is open to anyone interested in becoming involved. It is a good place to start if you are considering joining the NBIMS effort. The buildingSMART alliance Board of Direction Meeting is also open to the public.

The buildingSMART alliance Conference Educational Sessions are broken into two days. The first day will focus outwardly on three aspects of BIM implementation: design-construction integration, construction-fabrication integration and construction-operations integration, as well as developing the metrics that can be used to assess what progress the industry is making, on an annual basis, toward process improvement. The second day will be more of an inward look at the standards under development by the Alliance, as well as various standards efforts and strategies on the international front.

During its all-day meeting of innovative technology demonstrations, the Information Exchange (IE) Working Group will reveal the newest, most cutting-edge building information modeling (BIM) information exchange standards for inclusion in the National BIM Standard-United States™. The meeting, which is free and open to the public, is where the latest progress will be presented and the course of information exchange development will be set for the year.

The week will close with the BIM Academic Education Symposium. This workshop, jointly sponsored by the buildingSMART alliance and the BIM Forum,consists of a day-long series of presentations by leading BIM educators on topics related to implementing academic curricula at their educational institutions. The topics include the use of BIM in: student projects, interdisciplinary collaboration in studios, scheduling and estimating classes, IPD projects and facilities management. Researchers, academicians and practitioners in the AECOO industry are all strongly encouraged to attend and help shape the future of BIM integration in academic curricula.

buildingSMART alliance Conference

Committee Meetings

Monday, January 7, 2013

1:00 – 2:00 PM            NBIMS-US V3 Planning Committee (free/members only)

Chris Moor, Chair

 

Chris Moor

Director, Industry Initiatives

American Institute of Steel Construction

Chair, US National BIM Standard Project Committee

Chris is the director of industry initiatives for the American Institute of Steel Construction (AISC) and also chairs the National BIM Standard-United States (NBIMS-US) Project Committee.

He has worked with three-dimensional technology and BIM since 1994 and has led AISC’s efforts regarding technology integration and interoperability. He is a director on the buildingSMART alliance Board of Direction; a member of the Design-Build Institute of America BIM Committee; co-chair of the American Iron and Steel Institute BIM Committee; secretary of AISC Technology Integration Committee; member of the Level of Development Working Group (an Associated General Contractors of America/BIMForum/American Institute of Architects effort); and serves as the AISC lead for a Fiatech project addressing interoperability for steel within the process industry. He was previously the managing director of Tekla Corporation’s UK subsidiary.

In addition to this Chris was also the creator of, and innovator behind, the AISC’s annual showcase event, SteelDay (www.SteelDay.org). SteelDay is a phenomenal success and has become the industry’s largest networking and educational event with more than 10,000 people attending events in 2012.

Born in Manchester, UK (and supporting the Manchester City football club) Chris has spent most of his adult life in the U.S., working in various parts of the country since 1997. After several years in Atlanta, he currently resides in Tampa, Florida, with his wife and two sons.

2:00 – 3:00 PM            NBIMS-US V3 Project Committee (free/open)

Chris Moor, Chair

3:00 – 5:00 PM            buildingSMART alliance Board of Direction Meeting (free/open)

Tom Gay, Chair

 

Mr. Thomas A. Gay

Assistant Vice President – Manager, Engineering Plan Services

FM Global

270 Central Avenue

Johnston, RI 02919-4949 USA

thomas.gay@fmglobal.com

 

Tom Gay manages worldwide CAD and GIS services, site plan documentation and engineering document management services for The Factory Mutual Insurance Company (FM Global). He is also FM Global’s representative to the buildingSMART alliance (serving as chairman since 2008) and The Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC). He is currently serving on the Board of Advisors to The Centre for Spatial Law and Policy. In the past he has served as Chairman of the GDS North American User Group, as a Member of Convergent Group – International Conference Committee and as a Technology/Curriculum Advisory Board Member for ITT Technical Institute.

 

Over his more than 38years service to FM Global, Mr. Gay has performed many different job assignments:

 

  • Worked at client sites as a Field Surveyor documenting as-built construction, occupancy, protection and exposure as it pertains to the real property insurance industry
  • Led CAD selection and implementation projects transitioning FM Global from pencil/paper-pen/linen to electronic production. This has included “CAD” using PEAC, GDS, MicroGDS, AutoCAD, MicroStation, SketchUp, ArchiCAD and “Raster” using Cadcore/Hitachi PrEditor, ScanGraphics, Scan2CAD, etc.
  • Led GIS selection and implementation projects transitioning FM Global from paper maps to GIS. This has included products from GDS, ESRI, MapInfo and Cadcorp.
  • Led document management and retention projects which resulted in selection, implementation and ongoing support of Documentum as the corporate repository for and distribution of engineering reports and drawings.
  • Currently manages FM Global’s Engineering Plan Services with responsibility for over 350,000 drawings documenting approximately 300,000 client sites around the world, CAD & Scanning production services for current locations, CAD support and tool development for corporate users worldwide, GIS support and tool development for both desktop users and corporate web users worldwide, Mapping support for natural hazards and catastrophe response and Documentum support as it pertains to Engineering Documents for Client sites.   

 

FM Global is one of the world’s largest commercial and industrial property insurance and risk management organizations specializing in property protection. In operation for more than 175years, many of the world’s top companies have relied on FM Global’s (www.fmglobal.com) unmatched engineering expertise and scientific research to better understand the nature and cause of fire, natural disasters and other perils to prevent damage to their property and maintain continuity in their business.

 

 

Educational Sessions

Tuesday, January 8, 2013

8:00 – 8:30 AM            Plenary Session

Steve Jones, McGraw-Hill Construction

 

Stephen A Jones

McGraw-Hill Construction is the world’s leading source of information

and analysis on the Architecture/Engineering/Construction industry.

Steve Jones studies the impact of economic, technological,

business and environmental changes on the future of the AEC

industry, and is highly regarded internationally as a researcher,

writer and speaker on these topics. Steve also leads McGraw-Hill

Construction’s initiatives in developing alliance relationships with

major companies and organizations for technology and content.

In addition to numerous articles in AEC publications, Steve has co-authored McGraw-Hill Construction’s SmartMarket Reports on Interoperability (2007), BIM (2008), The Business Value

of BIM (2009) and Green BIM (2010). These reports have been distributed to over 1million people worldwide and are widely cited as authoritative references on these topics.

 

8:30 – 9:30 AM            Design – Construction Integration

David Quigley, East Coast CAD/CAM

 

David E. Quigley, MBA Graduate of the Whitmore School of Business and Economic, brings years of HVAC and Mechanical experience working in his family’s Mechanical Contracting Business to his position as Chief Operating Officer at EastCoast CAD/CAM. Adding to his real-world, hands-on contractor experience and prior to EastCoast CAD/CAM, David, spent over 20 years developing a unique set of software engineering skills and product development knowledge by participating and developing operating systems, compilers and application software.  As a software engineer, product and project manager, working for companies such as Microsoft, Compuware, and Digital Equipment Corporation, David managed two of the companies industry standards efforts which included; the Ada Compiler (US Defense Sponsored) and Motif, the UNIX Standard User Interface Protocol (Sponsored by the Open Software Foundation, OSF) .  As Chief Operating Officer, David is responsible for developing EastCoast’s overall Product and Business Strategies.

10:00 – 11:30 AM        Construction – Fabrication Integration

The Future is Here: Benefits of Advanced Technology for Subcontractors

Steve Hunt, Dee Cramer

 

Steve Hunt is the BIM/CAD Manager of Dee Cramer Inc. a 75 year old Sheet Metal/HVAC Contractor in Holly Michigan.  Dee Cramer is an industry leader in 3D CAD and Building Information Modeling.

Steve has participated in and been the lead in numerous BIM products in the Midwest ranging from automotive factory and office buildings, healthcare facilities and casinos.  Steve received his Certificate of Management – Building Information Modeling from the AGC in 2011.  Steve has taught 3 of the 4 AGC BIM Education courses, he currently teaches the SMACNA BIM Education Chapter Education programs and has developed and taught Navisworks classes and webinars for Subcontractors across the country.

1:30 – 3:00 PM            Construction – Operations Integration

Deke Smith, buildingSMART alliance, Introduction

Phil Wirdzek, I2SL

Terence Alcorn, Stantec

Igor Starkov, Ecodomus

Leigh Lally, Virginia Tech

 

Philip J. Wirdzek

Phil Wirdzek is the founding president and executive director of the International Institute for Sustainable Laboratories (I2SL). I2SL is broadening the base of knowledge and expertise in sustainable labs and other high technology facilities. Phil was responsible for creating the Laboratories for the 21st Century (Labs21®) which was a U.S. public-private partnership program promoting sustainable laboratories and was the first recorded program to address the need for sustainable laboratories. During his career at the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, he held various scientific positions including senior scientist and senior analyst for the agency’s sustainability programs.  He also served in the agency’s facility management offices as the national energy manager and as facility manager for the agency’s Washington DC headquarters.  Mr. Wirdzek is recipient of numerous awards among them the Agency’s Gold Medal for Labs21, presidential awards for federal energy management, and the Association of Energy Engineers’ Environmental Professional of the Year.

 

Terence Alcorn

Terence Alcorn is a registered architect with 25 years of experience of projects in higher education and laboratories design including the Thomas M. Siebel Center for Computer Science and the National Center for Supercomputing for the University of Illinois Urban/Champaign and two research laboratory buildings for The Scripps Research Institute for their new campus in Florida.  Mr. Alcorn has also been a Professor of Economics teaching both Micro and Macro Economics, and presented at the following conferences:

  • Labs 21 National Conference 2011 – “BIM and Building Financial Analysis”
  • IFMA National Conference 2012 – “BIM for High Tech Buildings”
  • Labs 21 National Conference 2012 – “BIM for Laboratory and Related High-Technology Facility Operation and Management”
  • Labs 21 National Conference 2012 – “High Performance Healthcare Environments: Metrics and Procedures”

 

 

Igor Starkov, Co-founder of EcoDomus, Inc., has 18 years of international business management experience, of which 10 years were dedicated to the construction software industry. Prior to co-founding EcoDomus, Inc. Igor founded Tokmo Solutions (merged with EcoDomus in 2010), the leading provider of Lean Construction and COBie-supporting software solutions. Also, Igor co-founded Latista Technologies, the leading provider of field management software for construction, in 2001. Igor holds a Masters in Applied Mathematics and Computer Science from Moscow University, Russia, and an Executive MBA from Georgetown University, Washington, DC.

How can bSa members contribute to Moving the Industry Forward?

Leigh Lally

 

3:30 – 5:00 PM            Measuring Success – Metrics

Deke Smith, National Institute of Building Sciences

Deke Smith is the Executive Director for the Building Seismic Safety Council and the buildingSMART alliance™ at the National Institute of Building Sciences (NIBS). Deke was instrumental in the beginnings of the NIBS Construction Criteria Base, now the Whole Building Design Guide (WBDG). He initiated both the National CAD Standard and the National BIM Standard.

He retired December 2006 after 30 years as a Designer and Director with the Naval Facilities Engineering Command, Deputy CIO at the Army Research Laboratory, and Chief Architect for the Deputy Under Secretary of Defense for Installations and Environment in supporting DoD’s 540,000 facilities. After 22 years as a volunteer, he joined the staff of the Institute as an employee in early 2007. He was a winner of the 1996 Federal 100 award, 1997 NIBS Member Award the 2006 CAD Society Leadership award in 2010 he was selected as one of the InfoComm 100. Deke is a 1973 graduate of Virginia Tech and holds a BArch, he has done post graduate work at the National Defense University. He is a registered architect in the state of Virginia and a Fellow in the American Institute of Architects. He is co-author of “Building Information Modeling: A Strategic Implementation Guide” published in 2009 by Wiley.

Comparisson of Measurment Tools for BIM

Brittany Giel, University of Flordia

 

Brittany Giel is a Ph.D. candidate at the M.E. Rinker School of Building Construction at the University of Florida.  She holds a Master of Science in Building Construction, a Bachelor of Design in Interior Design and a minor in Information Systems and Operations Management.  She is currently a research assistant at UF’s Center for Advanced Construction Information Modeling (CACIM) and has contributed greatly to the development of a revised curriculum on Building Information Modeling and construction technologies at Rinker.  She has authored twelve publications in various journals and conference proceedings and is an active member of several professional organizations in the AEC industry.

The BIM Scorecard – Research & Development

Calvin Kam, Stanford University

 

Dr. Calvin Kam is the Director of Industry Programs at Stanford University’s Center for Integrated Facility Engineering (CIFE), where he partners with CIFE industry members and researchers on strategic innovation in areas such as Building Information Modeling (BIM), Virtual Design and Construction (VDC) and sustainable developments. Dr. Kam teaches graduate and undergraduate courses as a Consulting Assistant Professor with the School of Engineering at Stanford University. Appointed by the President of AIA (American Institute of Architects), Calvin is the 2011 Co-Chairman of the Center for Integrated Practice Leadership Group with AIA National, as well as the 2010 Co-Chairman and 2011 Chairman of the its TAP (Technology in Architectural Practice) National Knowledge Community, which is supported by over 10,000 AIA members. Calvin is a registered Architect in the State of California, a Professional Engineer in the District of Columbia, and a LEED Accredited Professional. A recipient of the AIA National, California Council, and local chapter scholarships, ASCE National scholarships, China Synergy Program for Outstanding Youths, and SOM Foundation Traveling Fellowship among other honors and awards, Calvin received his Master’s, Engineer Degree, and Ph.D. from Stanford University. At age 21, Calvin was the first and the youngest to receive dual bachelor degrees in Architecture and Civil Engineering from the University of Southern California (with the highest honor bestowed on a graduating senior for distinguished leadership and excellent scholarship).

 

Future of the BIM Capability Maturity Model

Tammy McCuen, Oklahoma University

Tammy McCuen is an Associate Professor of Construction Science at the University of Oklahoma, College of Architecture. Her research focuses on spatial reasoning and the use of Building Information Modeling (BIM) for solving complex ill-structured problems. Her current research focuses on the use of BIM to create comprehensive representations, inclusive of spatial and object data, as a tool for solving the types of problems common to the disciplines of the built environment. She is an active member of the buildingSMART alliance and advisor for continuing education in the building industry. Tammy is the author of numerous articles about BIM and was a co-author for the recently released National BIM Standard version 2.

 

Leon von Berlo

Léon is a carpenter by education but found ICT and the AEC industry equally interesting. Today he is working for the Netherlands Organisation for Applied Scientific Research TNO. His main research topic is collaboration in the AEC industry. Léon is the founder of the open source BIMserver initiative, the BIM QuickScan® and the open source BIM collective. Recent works are on the fields of BIM services, GeoBIM, BIM benchmarking and cloudbim technology. Currently he has a leading role in the Dutch National information centre for BIM, working on National BIM guidelines. His work for NIBS concerns the creation of a standard for Building Information Modeling Services Interface Exchange (BIMSie).

Wednesday, January 9, 2013

8:00 – 9:30 AM            NBIMS Content – BIM Execution Planning for Organizations and Projects

John Messner, Pennsylvania State University

Dr. Messner is the Director of the Computer Integrated Construction (CIC) Research Program at Penn State and a Professor of Architectural Engineering.  He specializes in Building Information Modeling (BIM) and virtual prototyping research, along with globalization issues in construction.  The CIC Research Group is currently developing the Owner’s Guide to BIM as a buildingSMART alliance project, and they previously completed the BIM Project Execution Planning Guide.  Dr. Messner also leads a task group focused on design tools and methods for the Energy Efficient Building Hub, a Department of Energy Innovation Hub.  He has received National Science Foundation grants for investigating the application of advanced visualization in construction engineering education and the AEC Industry.    As a part of these grants, he led the development of two Immersive Construction (ICon) Labs which are large, 3 screen immersive display systems for visualizing design and construction information.  Dr. Messner was also a principle investigator on two Globalization projects for the Construction Industry Institute.  He previously worked as a project manager on various construction projects for a large general contractor and an infrastructure development company.  He has taught courses in virtual prototyping; BIM; strategic management in construction; international construction; and project management at Penn State.

NBIMS Content – OmniClass

Greg Ceton, Construction Specifications Institute

 

Greg Ceton has managed the development of Construction Specifications Institute’s (CSI) information standards and publications since November 2000.  He has been directly involved in the creation and maintenance of OmniClass™, MasterFormat®, UniFormat™, and the CSI Practice Guide series, among others, and is currently Director of Technical Services at CSI, where he supervises the development of CSI technical initiatives.

Ceton’s work has been recognized by awards from construction associations, among them a CSI President’s Award and honorary membership in Construction Specifications Canada.  He holds the Construction Documents Technologist (CDT) certificate and has a master’s degree in library science from the University of Maryland, a law degree from the University of Florida, and has been a member of the Florida Bar since 1991.

Ceton lives in the suburbs of Washington, DC.

 

NBIMS Content – Industry-wide MVDs for Precast Concrete

Chuck Eastman, Georgia Tech

Chuck Eastman is a pioneer of AEC CAD, developing research solid and parametric modeling systems for the building industry starting in the 1970s. Previously, he was a faculty member at Carnegie-Mellon University and UCLA. In his current position at Georgia Tech, he directs the Digital Building Laboratory  that is sponsored by twelve AEC companies, undertaking collaborative research. In addition, he currently has projects with the Precast Concrete Institute and the Charles Pankow Foundation, the American Institute of Steel Construction and the American Concrete Institute, defining BIM exchange standards for these industry areas.

 

10:00 – 11:30 AM       AIA TAP

Kimon Onuma, Onuma, Inc.

For nearly two decades Kimon Onuma, FAIA, has promoted integrated processes driven by architectural knowledge. Using cloud computing, he received two AIA 2007 TAP awards for US Coast Guard and Open GeoSpatial Consortium projects. He was recognized in 2007 by the AIA California Council on Integrated Project Delivery Task Group for his contribution on this committee that worked toward bringing higher levels of efficiency and quality to the building process. Kimon sees the architectural profession as being at the center of making a positive impact toward sustainability. BIMStorm LAX was a 24 hour charette demonstrating architects are ready for real-time BIM collaboration. The event became a 2008 “Woodstock” for the building industry, where 133 design professionals and industry specialists from 11 countries — proved that BIM can be generated from familiar Excel spreadsheets that architects are already using. This global charette developed plans for large sections of Los Angeles, creating designs for 420 buildings totaling over 55 million square feet. BIMStorm process connects GIS, buildings, smart grid and energy, and garnered his firm a 2008 AIA TAP Award. In addition to authoring the 2006 AIA’s Report on Integrated Practice | The Twenty-First Century Practioner, Kimon has written numerous articles on architectural practice, technology and worked with GSA to define their first GSA BIM Guide. Recently the California Community College System (CCC) serving 2.75 million students at 112 California locations, and the largest system of public higher education in the world, joined the CCC FUSION System (Facilities Utilization, Space Inventory Options Net) and the entire California inventory of 71 million square feet of buildings and spaces, with his middleware, the ONUMA System, to make the largest cloud computing BIM + GIS platform. Kimon serves on the Board of Direction for buildingSMART and serves on the AIA Technology in Architectural Practice Knowledge Community Advisory Board. A renowned speaker, Kimon has spoken at more than 300 local, state, national and international events.

AISC IFC

IFC: Interoperability For Construction? A Practical Take for the Steel Industry

Chris Moor, American Institute of Steel Construction

 

AutoCodes – FIATECH

Providing the ability to submit plans electronically to Code Officials for checking and approval.

Speaker to be determined

1:30 – 3:00 PM            Government BIM Initiatives

Steve Hagan, GSA Retired, Moderator

 

Stephen Hagan FAIA is recognized as an industry expert and technology evangelist, focusing on the real estate,  and the construction  market place.  In August 2012, Steve retired from the federal government after 35 years and is now consulting about BIM and online technologies.   Steve now is CEO of Hagan Technologies LLC,  focusing on Strategy and Consulting for e-Industry Infrastructure and  Online Technologies for the 21st Century.

Stephen has been program and project management lead for the PBS Project Information Portal (PIP) and a member of the GSA 3D / 4D Building Information Model (BIM) team. He was 2006 Chair of the AIA Technology In Architectural Practice (TAP) Knowledge Community and co-chair of the Emerging Technologies Committee of the Federal Facilities Council and on the Executive Committee of the National BIM Standard Committee.

The AIA BIM awards program, which Steve founded in 2003, is now in its 9th year and now includes partnerships with COAA, IFMA, and the AGC BIM Forum.

Private Sector Initiatives

Kurt Maldovan, Balfour-Beaty, Moderator

As Assistant Process Manager, Kurt is responsible for integrating and managing client standards and providing support for organizing project data, developing custom procedures, and applications to make the most efficient use of BIM and emerging technologies.  He is responsible for the oversight and mobilization of the design technology required for project execution, including developing the BIM Execution Plan.    Kurt leads assignment of BIM-related tasks and staff, to include support, design reviews, clash detection, quantification/cost estimation, schedule integration, design and construction submittals, and other items identified in the BIM Execution Plan.

Healthcare BIM Consortium

Russ Manning, Department of Defense Health Systems

Mr. Russell Manning is a Senior Health System Planner DoD’s Military Healthcare System (MHS).  He has worked on multiple healthcare and medical research laboratory projects in five countries and eight US states as a project and program manager.  In the Capital Planning Branch he supports the implementation and coordination facility life cycle management (FLCM) tools, research and policy.

3:30 – 4:15 PM            BSI – Product Room

Roger Grant, National Institute of Building Sciences

Roger Grant is a Program Director for the National Institute of Building Sciences (NIBS) where he manages the Integrated Resilient Design Program (IRDP); related projects for the Department of Homeland Security; the High Performance Building Council (HPBC); and projects for the Building Seismic Safety Council (BSSC). He has focused on developing and delivering products and services to support design, construction and management of the built environment for more than 30 years. Prior to joining the Institute, Roger was Technical Director of the Construction Specifications Institute (CSI) and V.P. and General Manager of R.S. Means, the leading publisher of construction cost information in North America. He has experience in cost planning, estimating and analysis; specifications practice; standards development; construction industry information technology; and project and business management.  As a member of A-E-C Industry associations, Roger has been extensively involved in technology and standards development and has served on the Board and Technical Committee of the buildingSMART Alliance and Planning and Technical Committees of the National Building Information Model Standard. He represents CSI on the buildingSMART International (bSI) Data Dictionary Management Group serving as its Secretary and as leader of the bSI Product Room. He holds a degree in construction management and an MBA both from Bradley University; and a certification in construction document management from CSI.

4:15 – 5:00 PM            BSI – Process Room

Deke Smith, National Institute of Building Sciences

 

 

Innovative Technology Demonstrations

(Information Exchange Working Group Meeting) [link to full description]

Thursday, January 10, 2013

8:30 – 11:45 AM          Morning Session – Multiple topics, including COBie Calculator, SPie Catalog, etc. (free/open)

Dr. Bill East, Chair

1:15 – 5:15 PM           Afternoon Session 1 – Planning and Design Software (free/open)

Dr. Bill East, Chair

Afternoon Session 2 – Software for Builders (free/open)

David Jordani, FAIA, Jordani Consulting Group

 

Academic Symposium

Friday, January 11, 2013

8:00 – 8:30 AM            Introductory Comments

Raymond Issa, University of Florida

 

Educational Cricculum Approaches

8:30 – 8:45 AM           BIMStorm: A Platform Facilitating Integrated Design and Construction Processes

Tamera McCuen, Oklahoma University

8:45 – 9:00 AM           Student collaboration as the foundation for learning BIM software

Christopher Monson, Mississippi State University

9:00 – 9:15 AM           Use of Building Information Modeling in Student Projects at WPI

Guillermo Salazar, Worchester Polytechnic Institute

 

9:15 – 9:30 AM           Stressing the Importance of Facility Owner Requirements in Construction Management BIM Curricula: A Case Study

Brittany Giel, University of Florida

 

9:30 – 9:45 AM           Understanding How Virtual Prototypes And WORKSPACES Support

Interdisciplinary Learning In Architectural, Engineering And Construction Education

Carrie Sturts Dossick, University of Washington  / Robert Leicht

The Pennsylvania State University

9:45 – 10:15 AM         Panel Discussion 1 (McCuen, Monson, Salazar, Giel, Leicht)

Guillermo Salazar, Worchester Polytechnic University

10:15 – 10:45 AM        Morning Networking Break

10:45 – 11:00  AM      Industry + Academia: the perfect partnership

Lisa Hogle, Arizona State University

11:30 – 11:45 AM       Design Engineer Construct Integrated Management Lab (DECIMaL)

Allan Chasey, Arizona State University

11:45 – 12:00 AM       BIM education for new career options: an initial investigation

Wei Wu, Georgia Southern University

12:00 – 12:15 AM       Interdisciplinary Collaborative BIM Studio

Robert Holland, The Pennsylvania State University

12:15 – 1:15 PM          Luncheon Speaker

Arto Kiviniemi, Salford University, UK

1:15 – 1:45 PM           Panel Discussion 2 (Hogle, Chasey, Wu, Holland)

Guillermo Salazar, Worchester Polytechnic Institute

 

1:45 – 2:15 PM            Afternoon Networking Break

Educational Content Issues

2:15 – 2:30 PM           BIM + FM

Allan Chasey, Arizona State University

 

2:30 – 2:45 PM           Design – BIM – Build

James Sullivan, University of Flordia

2:45 – 3:00 PM           Descriptive Construction Methods through BIM-based Collaboration

Marcel Maghiar, Georgia Southern University

3:00 – 3:15 PM           Culture, Technology/Social Media, & BIM

Peter Cholakis, 4Clicks

3:15 – 3:30 PM           Integration of Building Information Modeling (BIM) and Facility Management in Hong Kong Public Rental Housing Projects

Ya Liu, Hong Kong Polytechnic University

3:30 – 3:45 PM           Parametric Housing in Indigenous Outback Communities

Timothy Sullivan, Harvard University

3:45 – 4:00 PM           Object Interaction Query: a context awareness tool for evaluating BIM components’ interactions

Carolina Soto, Massachuects Institute of Technology

4:00 – 4:30 PM            Panel Discussion 3 (Chasey, Sullivan, Maghiar, Cholakis, Liu, Sullivan, Soto)

Guillermo Salazar, Worchester Polytechnic Institute

Session Leaders Biographies

R. Raymond Issa, Ph.D., J.D., P.E., F.ASCE, is currently the UF Research Foundation and Holland Professor in the University of Florida’s Rinker School of Building Construction and Director of the Center for Advanced Construction Information modeling and the Building Information Modeling (BIM) Visualization Laboratory. Raymond has conducted over $7 million in information technology related research and he has served as Chair on over 200 Masters Committees and 30 Ph.D. Committees, Raymond has also authored over 200 journal and conference proceeding articles and scientific reports. Raymond has received University, College and School level recognition for excellence in research (UF Research Foundation Professor), teaching, and academic advising (Academic Advisor of the Year; PHD Advisor/Mentor (2)).  Raymond also serves on the Board of Directors of various professional organizations, including the National Center for Construction Education and Research, the International Society for Computing in Civil and Building Engineering (ISCCBE) and the Pan American Union of Engineering Societies. He served as past chair of the American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE) Technical Council on Computing and Information Technology and on various other ASCE technical committees. Raymond was recently awarded the 2012 ASCE Computing in Civil Engineering and elected to the Pan American Engineering Academy.

Arto Kiviniemi, PhD (Professor of Digital Architectural Design, School of Built Environment, University of Salford, UK)

Design-Construction Integration Program Alumni (2005)

Arto Kiviniemi has developed Integrated Building Information Modeling (BIM) both in Finland and internationally since 1996. In 1996-2002 Arto worked at VTT (Technical Research Centre of Finland) as a Chief Research Scientist leading the VERA program which established BIM’s position in Finland. After his PhD in Stanford 2005, Arto was nominated as the Research Professor for ICT in Built Environment at VTT. In 2008 he returned into the industry as the Vice President of Innovation and Development at Olof Granlund, the leading Building Services Engineering company in Finland, where he was responsible of the R&D projects in the company. In 2010 he moved to his current position, Professor of Digital Architectural Design in the School of Built Environment at the University of Salford in UK.

Internationally Arto’s main activities have been related to the International Alliance for Interoperability, now known as buildingSMART International. Arto has acted as the Chairman of the International Council and Executive Committee 1998-2000, Deputy Chairman 2000-2002, Chairman of the International Technical Management Committee 2005-2007. Currently he is a member of the Technical Advisory Group and buildingSMART Korea Advisory Committee. He is also a member in FIATECH’s Academic and BIM Committees and ASHRAE’s BIM Committee, as well as the representative of CEBE (Centre for Education in the Built Environment) in the CIC (Construction Industry Council) BIM Forum. Arto has been the Chairman of Salford Centre for Research and Innovation 2002-2009, a member of Industry Advisory Board and Technical Advisory Committee of CIFE at Stanford University 1999-2005, a member of the Scientific Committee of the ‘BuildingEnvelopes.org’ project at Harvard University 2001-2004, and a member of scientific or organizing committees in over 20 international conferences since 2000. He has presented over 70 keynote and invited lectures and several other papers in international seminars and conferences around the world since 1996. In March 2009 Arto received FIATECH CETI Outstanding Researcher 2008 Award for his international merits in developing integrated BIM.

Guillermo Salazar, Worcester Polytechnic Institute

Education: Ph.D. in Civil Engineering, 1983, Massachusetts Institute of Technology,    M. Eng. in Industrial Engineering, University of Toronto 1977, BSCE, Civil Engineering, 1971, Universidad LaSalle,

Research and Academic Interests: development of formal methods of analysis, computer-based methodologies, cooperative agreements to evaluate the impact of process integration on the cost of civil engineering projects. Building Information Modeling (BIM), Multi-attribute Decision Analysis, Computer Simulation, Knowledge-Based Expert Systems, Neural Networks, CAD Systems, Probabilistic Analysis, Mathematical Programming, and Data Management Systems.

Over the last 10 years, this work has been focused primarily on the academic and professional aspects of Building Information Modeling (BIM). This work has produced several computer-based tools. It has also contributed to improve the understanding on how cooperative behaviors and the effective use of information technology and intelligent systems promote efficient project integration. This activity has also lead to the creation of graduate courses, innovative undergraduate curricula integration and to promote integration of design and construction emphasizing teamwork, life-cycle cost-benefit analysis and effective use of information technology within the curricula.

Professional and consulting activity:  spans for more than 25 years at national and international levels. It includes professional practice in building and steel construction, statistical and simulation studies in tunneling and regional planning, information systems design as well as development of computer models for diverse aspects of project management and Design-Construction Integration.

The Legal Aspects of BIM

Many remain confused about the meaning and value  of BIM (building information modeling).

BIM is the efficient full life cycle operation of the built environment, with the promise of managing Total Cost of Ownership (TCO) and associated physical and functional conditions in concert with an organization’s changing needs.   This is a radical departure from the  current focus upon “first cost” or ” initial cost” mentality.  BIM is NOT 3D modeling (Revit, Archicad, Bentley, etc.), although some vendors tend to perpetuate this myth.   BIM is the visualization and modeling of the built environment to assist in associated decision support, via ANY means, leveraging digital technology.

Traditionally, construction projects are managed in silos, for example – design, engineering, procurement, construction, operations, etc… all in there own neat (or not so neat) little containers.  Integrating this information, collaborating with this informati0n, and providing the Owner with the ability to leverage accurate, transparent, timely information for ongoing decision support is practiced by an elite few… likely less than 5% of the AECOO (Architecture, Engineering, Construction, Owner ,Operations) sector.    The end result it that we, and an industry sector, continue to experience rampant waste, low productivity, and an antagonistic environment littered with legal squabbles.

BIM, in its true form, offers ,significant cost savings and productivity improvements for all stakeholders, as well as long lasting, positive, and mutually beneficial relationships.

The key to BIM is the construction delivery method and associated strategic direction of all parties.   Collaborative methods such as Integrated Project Delivery – IPD, and Job Order Contracting – JOC, and similar methods are fundamental requirements, in addition to several building life-cycle knowledge domains, technologies, and best practices.   Fundamental characteristics of collaboration construction delivery include:

  1. Qualifications Based or Best Value Selection
  2. Some form of pricing transparency
  3. Early and ongoing information-sharing among project stakeholders
  4. Appropriate distribution of risk
  5. Some form of financial incentive to drive performance

So… back to the legal aspects of BIM.  In short, there really aren’t any… IF… an robust, collaborative, construction delivery method is in place defining the ground rules for everyone.  That said, there are certainly considerations and components that must be incorporated:

  • Who owns the information? – The Owner must have ownership, however, this ownership can be, and should be… in most cases, shared with the creator.
  • Who was responsible for it and liable for the errors contained therein? – The Owner, and or Owner’s representative. as they are managing the process, however, a basic acceptable level of performance must be established for all parties.
  • How is the information collected and migrated? – Via open, transparent data architectures and lexicon.  For example, OMNICLASS, Masterformat, Uniformat, COBIE (once it gets sorted out).
  • Who was getting paid for what? – Pretty straightforward
  • Who was controlling the project? – At the end of the day, whoever pays the bills… always has worked best this way, thus the Owner or Owner’s representative.
  • In whose interest where the parties working? – Mutual, product completed to benefit and requirements of the owner, on-time, and on-budget.
  • How would the project be procure? IPD, JOC and similar methods that incorporate procurement, project management relationships and responsibilities, data architectures and formats, etc.

Sure, standards for guidance are evolving, however, several “best practice” business process alread exist and can easily be extended.   It is critical to remember that  business strategy,  processes, and workflow are the important area of focus, technology plays a supporting role.  Unfortunately, manner tend to approach BIM from a technology perspective…. an approach doomed from the start.