The primary challenge to BIM and the efficient life-cycle management of the build environment in general is a lack of awareness and education specific to total-cost-of-ownership and associated decision support tools.
Owners simply are not capable of implementing required elements to enable BIM. For example, BIM requires the following elements.
- Collaborative construction delivery methods (Intergrated Project Delivery – IPD, Job Order Contracting – JOC)
- Common terms, definitions, and data architectures
- Metrics/Key Performance Indicators
- Shared Risk/Reward
- Trust/Mutual Respect
- Written policies and procedures that fully define roles, responsibilities, and deliverables
- Ongoing education and training
- Continuous improvement
- Supporting and open technologies