Hyperconverged Facility Management

BIM was going to change the world and finally make life-cycle management of the built environment commonplace.

It just didn’t happen.

The cultural barriers in the AECOO sector (Architecture, Engineering, Construction, Operations, Owner) proved too strong.  More specifically, the lack of education, awareness, and capability on the part all players, but especially Owners, with respect to total cost of ownership and LEAN management best-practices easily held BIM at bay.

As a result BIM remains stagnated in the U.S., the U.K., and “virtually” everywhere when is comes to the implementation of LEAN collaborative construction delivery methods.

Until the AECOO sector focuses upon life-cycle strategies, collaborative construction delivery methods, clear-common-and-concise terms, definitions, and key performance indicators… to name a few, little will change.  The AECOO sector lags virtually every other, when it comes to capability, professionalism, leverage of technology, and productivity.

Will it change in our life-time?  Hopefully.  Hyperconvergence combines the economic and environmental benefits of life-cycle costing, LEAN best-management practices, collaborative construction delivery (IPD-Integrated Project Delivery, JOC-Job Order Contracting), virtualization, and cloud computing.

http://www.jobordercontracting.org

job order contracting

 

Job Order Contracting – JOC, Training, & Motivation

Job Order Contracting – JOC – delivers greater numbers of quality projects, on-time and on-budget projects, as well as higher overall satisfaction levels than  “traditional” construction delivery methods such as design bid build, design build, CM@R, etc.   For this reason, the top 5% of Owners and Contractors depend upon JOC for horizontal and vertical renovation, repair, and minor new construction.

However, not all Owners and Contractors are ready for job order contracting. JOC requires higher levels of transparency, collaboration, motivation, and training than less productive traditional construction delivery methods.  It also requires shared/risk reward and common terms, definitions, and data architectures.  Many of these characteristics are foreign to Owners and Contractors sole experienced with arcahic and unproductive processes and outcomes associated  with low-bid procurement and dependent upon excessive change orders to complete construction projects.

Leadership and training versus excessive management and control are common with job order contracting.   In fact, on going training and continuous improvement are requirements for all LEAN construction delivery methods (job order contracting – JOC, integrated project delivery-IPD, etc.)

Studies have demonstrated that ongoing training and the selection of the construction delivery method are directly linked to motivation, as well as overall outcomes.  For example the below chart clearly demonstrates that more frequent training leads to higher levels of motivation (2016, Moriarty, T.)

job order contracting

Similarly the benefits of Job Order Contracting are are shown below.   Again, however, these benefits can only be recognized through the implement of LEAN best management practices and continuous support, monitoring, and ongoing training.
JOC - DB - DBB
(2015, Job Order Contracting – Performance Study – ASU / PBRSG)

 

CASE STUDY – Job Order Contracting – US Army Corps of Engineers

Download Case Study PDF

Overview – The United States Army Corps of Engineers (USACE) was approached to establish a Job Order Contracting (JOC) program to assist in construction projects associated with ongoing Sustainment, Restoration, and Modernization (SRM) work. As a result, USACE awarded a JOC to an 8(a) Contractor.
Problem/Need – Approximately eighty (80) potential JOC projects were identified subsequently narrowed done to forty two (42). The problem was clear: How could the USACE estimate, negotiate, and award all of these projects, valued at approximately $3.96 million in work, before the close out of the fiscal year?

The JOC process is a high performance delivery system for facility SRM work. The process is more efficient and timely than conventional construction and acquisition methods.
To increase the level of the District’s JOC performance and teamwork, the JOC program must have a dedicated Project Delivery Team (PDT), clear lines of communication, and provide adequate training to personnel involved.
A seasoned JOC contractor coupled with efficient and effective JOC delivery process and PDT will provide complete customer satisfaction, quality construction, and timely execution.
via http://www.4Clicks.com – premier cost estimating and efficient project delivery software and services.

BIM Strategy, Collaboration, and Interoperablity… Getting it right from square one.

The construction industry (architecture, engineering, construction, operations/facility management, business product manufacturers, oversight and regulatory groups), like most other sectors, is in a state of rapid change.

Construction delivery methods are at the center of  this ongoing transformation as they dictate the structure, tone, and legal requirements of any project.  Thus, whether you are involved with construction, renovation, repair, and/or sustainability projects… Integrated Project Delivery – IPD, for new construction, Job Order Contracting – JOC, for minor new construction, renovation, repair, and sustainability and Public Private Partnerships – PPP, are examples of collaborative construction delivery methods that are rapidly replacing traditional and somewhat dysfunctional methods such as Design Bid Build (DBB).

While collaborative construction delivery methods have been in existence for decades and are well proven, they are only recently being more readily adopted.  The drivers for change include environmental, economic, and technology factors.  We are all aware of shrinking resources whether budgetary or non-renewal energy related, as well as associated environmental regulations relative to global warming, the latter of which will become increasingly stringent.     That said, disruptive technologies such as BIM (Building Information Modeling) and Cloud Computing are also a major causal factors  as well as enablers  relative the  business process change so desperately needed with the construction sector.
As collaborative construction delivery methods become more common, the need to share information transparently becomes paramount. Project teams need to adapt to early and ongoing information sharing among distributed team members and organizations.   In the case of JOC (also known as SABER in in the United State Air Force), technology has been available for over a decade to support virtually all aspects of   collaborative project execution from concept thru warranty period.  An example is 4Clicks Project Estimator combined with RSMeans Cost Data, and/or organizational specific unit price books.  With all parties leveraging the same data and following robust, collaborative processes from concept, thru site walk, construction, etc., the net result being  more jobs being done on-time and on-budge with fewer change orders and virtual elimination of the legal disputes, the latter be unfortunately common with traditional methods.

Job Order Contracting Process
Job Order Contracting Process

IPD vs. Traditional

How built environment stakeholders share information and work together will continue to evolve.  The methods in which we, as Owners, Contractors, AEs, etc. participate in this exchange within our domains will determine our ultimate success or failure.

As show in the following graphic, the project delivery methods, while a fundamental element, is just one “piece of the BIM pie”.

Multiple “activities” , business processes” , “competencies”, and “supporting technologies” are involved in BIM.

BIM is  “the life-cycle management of the built environment supported by digital technologies”.

BIM Framework
BIM Framework

BIM Technology Road Map

facility-life-cycle-technology-and-process-roadmap1-300x172It’s the integration of Cloud Computing, BIM, and Efficient Collaborative Construction Delivery Methods (IPD, JOC, PPP…) that will improve productivity in the AECO sector.

Project Delivery Methods of the Future

via http://www.4Clicks.com – Leading cost estimating and efficient project delivery software solutions for JOC, SABER, IDIQ, MATOC, SATOC, MACC, POCA, BOA, BOS … featuring and exclusively enhanced 400,000 line item RSMeans Cost Database, visual estimating / automatic quantity take off ( QTO), contract, project, and document management, all in one application.

BIM is NOT 3D Visualization – 4D, 5D …..

Building Information Modeling, BIM, is the life-cycle management of the built environment supported by digital technology.  As such, the core requirements of BIM include collaboration, standardized information, multiple domain competencies, and several supporting interoperable technologies.

Let’s face it, BIM continues to languish.  Sure a lot of architects use it for pretty pictures to win business, and there are several “case studies” surrounding clash detection, etc. etc.   However, life-cycle and/or ongoing facility management using BIM?  No so much.

This is not only sad but economically and environmentally imprudent.   The efficient life-cycle management of the built environment is critical to both global competitiveness and preserving sustainable resources.

Why is BIM of to a slow start?  Too much focus on 3D visualization, too much “reinventing the wheel” trying to fit a square peg in a round hole, and virtually NO EMPHASIS upon the requirements for life-cycle management… associated competencies, domains, technologies, ongoing collaboration, integration, and continuous improvement.

Design-bid-build and “low bid” awards are the downfall of the Architecture, Engineering, Construction, Owner, and Operations sector.   The method is antagonistic, wasteful, and typically delivers poor initial and ongoing results.

Focus upon CHANGE MANAGEMENT and building awareness relative to both COLLABORATIVE CONSTRUCTION DELIVERY METHODS AND LIFECYCLE, TOTAL COST OF OWNERSHIP MANAGMENT is the only thing that will “kick start” BIM.

Integrated Project Delivery (IPD) and Job Order Contracting (JOC) are both collaborative construction delivery methods that have been proven for decades, however, awareness remains low.  IPD’s focus is upon major new construction, while JOC focuses upon the numerous renovation, repair, sustainability, and minor new construction projects so critical to efficient use of our current infrastructure.

The below diagram outlines the competencies, technologies, and process required for the lifecycle management of the built environment.

BIMF - Building Information Management Framework

via http://www.4clicks.com – Premier cost estimating and efficient project delivery technology solutions for JOC, SABER, IDIQ, SATOC, MATOC, MACC, POCA, BOS, BOS…  Featuring an exclusively enhanced 400,000+ line item RSMeans Cost database, document/contract/project management, and visual estimating / electronic quantity take-off, QTO.

The “I” for Information if Building Information Modeling or Life-cycle Facility Management

While articles and discussions continue about Facility Management and BIM, in reality they are virtual synonyms.

Facility management is a profession that encompasses multiple disciplines to ensure functionality of the built environment by integrating people, place, process and technology. – Definition of Facility Management – IFMA

Building Information Modeling (BIM) is a digital representation of physical and functional characteristics of a facility.  A BIM is a shared knowledge resource for information about a facility forming a reliable basis for decisions during its life-cycle; defined as existing from earliest conception to demolition. – NIBS

In order to achieve either efficiently I argue that Information and Process must be shared in a consistent, mutually understood format among all stakeholders of the built environment: Owners, AEs, Contractors, Sub-contractors, Business Product Manufacturers, Building Users, and Oversight Groups.

The problem remains, however, that many don’t understand the multiple knowledge domains or competencies associated with the life-cycle management of the built environment, nor how to integrated them.  What is even worse, is that some of those that do understand are unwilling to share that information due to perceived issues with doing so.

NBIMS and similar efforts are steps in the right direction.  NBIMS attempts to consolidate and communicate information requirements, models, and associated usage processes, with an “open industry” approach.

Owners must clearly push for BIM and Life-cycle Facility Management.  Why?  Simple…they pay the bills and it is in their best interests to optimize their return on investment (ROI).  That said, Owners can’t do it alone.  By the very nature of the industry, all stakeholders must collaborate.  Unlike an airplane, or car… buildings are around for 50-100 years, have multiple uses, and can be adapted to changing situations.. also a far greater number of suppliers and service providers are involved, as well as a virtually infinite number of configurations.

 

Here’s are quick graphic of just a few of the areas, competencies, and technologies involved:

BIMF - Building Information Management Framework

 

via http://www.4Clicks.com – Premier cost estimating and efficient project delivery software featuring an exclusively enhanced 400,000+ RSMeans Cost database and support for JOC, SABER, IDIQ, SATOC, MATOC, MACC, POCA, BOA, BOS, and more!